Wood Splitter Basics for the Handyman

in Articles

In many homes where wood stoves are used to keep the house warm, a wood splitter is a definite necessity. A log splitter has an arm or piston with a wedge at the end of it. The arm pushes the wedge through the wood. Because of sustained pressure, the wood splits on either side of the splitter.

Force is usually applied with hydraulic pressure created by an electric motor or gas engine. A hydraulic log splitter is a highly efficient tool for splitting wood, especially tough woods. This type of log splitter is efficient and can split a large amount of logs, which would probably take a number of days to split using other implements such as a splitting maul or an axe.

The design of the wedge is also very important. Most people overlook this, but if the wedge is too narrow it will not split a tough piece of wood with knots in it. The wedge can also break more easily if it’s too narrow and delicate. On the other hand, if the wedge is too blunt then the wood splitter is required to use too much power and can result in unnecessary damage to other parts of the machine.

Horizontal Log Splitter

A horizontal splitter is most common, but requires a lifting mechanism to lift the log to the splitter every time you want to split a piece of wood. Some splitters come with a lifting accessory that aids in the lifting. However if this is not the case then you need to manually lift the logs onto the splitter all the time. The log sits in a horizontal position and the piston arm rams the wood through the wedge and splits it.

Vertical Log Splitter

This is a versatile type of log splitter. It is usable on all kinds of terrain including rocky patches, muddy sections and on hilly areas. The piece of wood stands on one end vertically. The operating arm then rams downwards and splits the wood and the pieces fall on either side of the splitter.

There are also combination wood splitters that can operate either horizontally and also rotate into the vertical position.

Leave a Comment